給新手和我自己的備忘錄 [論壇 - Ubuntu基本設定]


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#1 給新手和我自己的備忘錄
xoulous 2007/11/23 21:54
XP又中毒了,昨天改灌Ubuntu,反正裝軟體比XP方便。
官方的繁體中文Ubuntu,在顯示卡與螢幕解析度、字型
上面,自有許多疏於關注的地方,我至少要讓Ubuntu在
文字顯示上跟XP or MAC一樣清楚。

STEP1:Boot from Ubuntu 7.10 with i386 Desktop Lived-CD
with Language Big5 Chinese and Screen Resolution
1280x1024 in my View Sonic V700b 17" LCD Panal

用UBUNTU Desktop 光碟開機並選擇繁體中文+1280x1024解析度

STEP2:Install Ubuntu 7.10 in Gnome Environment.BY Partition-ing the Hard Disk to one root("/") region with refsister TYPE
and a least one "Swap" Region.

點選安裝,手動分割出一個"/"分割區,檔案型態為日誌檔案(比較有效率),和一個Swap分割區,建議容量為你延伸記憶體的兩倍

STEP3:After finishing the install,Set auto-login with your
prefer account for convinient.And Start Restricted-Manager
to install the driver for your Nvidia or ATI Graphic Accelerator Cards for achieving better resolution and refresh rate in your screen.

設定自動登入,並且進入Restricted-Manager透過它安裝所屬顯卡的官方驅動,以便能使用更高解析度和更新頻率。

STEP4:Actually,many people encounter this problem when use
ubuntu.When installing Nvidia or Ati Driver,you may get more
resolution choice when your go to resolutions or Screens and Graphics tools in your system menus.but you probably find out you can use high resolutions with only low referesh rates,for instance 1280x1024 with not more than
53 HZs by my Nvidia Geoforce 7100 VGA Crads.

In my experience,almost every ati or nvidia VGA crads user
have this problem and the only solutions is to edit your xorg.conf:

Refer to
http://www.ubuntu.org.tw/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?topic_id=5557&forum=2&post_id=33799#forumpost33799

That is, to add
Option "DynamicTwinView" "False"
into below the line "DefaultDepth 24"
into gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

Then you can achieve the same resolution and refresh rates as your system in Windows XP can.

按以上網頁所說,在xorg.conf檔添加
Option "DynamicTwinView" "False"
這會使得雙顯示被關閉,同時取得可以發揮到顯卡2D在單個螢幕的硬體極限,也就是你在XP上面可以達到的2D效果。

STEP5:Install Microsoft Core Fonts and mingliu.ttc kaiu.ttf
to ubuntu.Refer to my article:

http://www.ubuntu.org.tw/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?topic_id=5984&forum=2&post_id=26852#forumpost26852

sudo apt-get install msttcorefonts

and go to the directory where mingliu or kaiu placed,
for example: media/..../windows/fonts/

sudo cp *.ttf /usr/share/fonts
sudo cp *.ttc /usr/share/fonts

sudo chmod 775 /usr/share/fonts/*.ttf
sudo chmod 775 /usr/share/fonts/*.ttc
sudo fc-cache -v

if you do not install package "msttcorefonts"
you may encounter display trouble when use or
display chinese fonts in editor or browser.

安裝微軟核心字型與新細明體和標楷體。以便使中文顯示更接近XP的習慣,同時也幫助Openoffice所建立的文件能夠使用新細明體,以便在MS WORD上互相對應。

STEP6:As your Prefer use Mingliu as system default
fonts in Microsoft windows.you can start "Appearance"

and set your default Fonts be mingliu with size 13 or 16.
Then you will feel ubuntu display Chinese looks better!
The same,you can install any fonts from Microsoft or Mac.

將系統字型全設成新細明體,尺吋約在13

STEP7:IF you want to use 標點符號工具列 as Microsoft Word
has.Refer to the article (also includes its corresponding problems and solutions):
http://www.ubuntu.org.tw/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?topic_id=6657&forum=11&post_id=30939#forumpost30939

按以上文章,可安裝Openoffice Writer 之標點符號表

STEP8:Thanks to the project "Lazybuntu"
The Official Website is http://lazybuntu.openfoundry.org/
You can install many useful Chinese or non-for Chinese only
software automatically.

多媒體和其他殺手及軟體,可用Lazybuntu自動安裝
ubuntutweak可以更改系統外觀和調整細節

For Pdf files readers,you can not read Chinese pdf with system default reader envince.you must install kpdf based on KDE or Adobe Acrobat Reader by Lazybuntu.Also if you want
Play DVD Movie or some multimedia coded movie ,Lazybuntu will help you.

關於中文PDF檔,使用ubuntu官方內建的Evince來讀取,是會發生字體散亂不正常顯示之情形,請安裝Kpdf或 Adobe官方的閱讀器(Lazybuntu可幫你安裝)

STEP9:Banshee or Listen Music Player are better Music Player
based on GTK2 only ,you can install from "add/remove software manager"

Gnome上面受歡迎的音樂播放器Banshee 或 Listen Music Player
都可以透過 安裝或移除軟體 管理程式 直接安裝

for More Details:
http://banshee-project.org/Main_Page
http://www.listen-project.org/

STEP10:There is a powerful Applet Tools can auto-download photo from
Flicker and set it to be your background.Say Webilder.
The Website is here
http://www.webilder.org/

webilder可自動從Flicker下載有意思的圖片設為您的桌面,並按時更換。


STEP11:Install Some Useful Commercial Software you need.
avast anti virus
(you may add the shortcut into menu by yourself like this:

Step12:Install Network Printer
My printer installed in my Zyxel p355 router.It share printer or other usb device by LPD protocol

Go to System/Printer
Install LPD/LPR Printer
Printer Server address:192.168.1.1
Printer Name:lp1 (read as lp-one not lp-L)

then choose my HP printer laser-jet 1010 driver.
(I must complain that there is no official drivers on vista yet,so bad for vista user.)

如果是用路由器(網路分享器)內建的印表機伺服器,多半屬於
LPD 協定,按以上方法吾人設定好Zyxel P355的伺服器印表機,可成功列印中英文文件。
Or if your printer install on some windows computer,
Choose Install printer ".... SAMBA..."
In Ubuntu 7.10,you can use browse button and choose
printers you had share by windows network protocol on another PC.and you need to type in the same user account and password as in the windows PC to authorizer link.

使用Windows 上的分享印表機,你必須知道那台電腦目前正登入的使用者及其密碼,安裝時要輸入進去,才能授權印表機啟用。

Refer to this very good article:
http://wuyy.idv.tw/blog/index.php/20070329/

cd /usr/lib/avast4workstation/share/avast/desktop
sudo ./install-desktop-entries.sh install

Refer to http://www.ubuntu.org.tw/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?topic_id=3489&forum=22&post_id=27628#forumpost27628

Step11:Update your system by "update manger".this step will
download ,many packages with waiting long time.Aware of that

when you update your packages corresponding to ..Hardware Abstract Layer ...,in next reboot ubuntu will tell you
HAL initialize error or something.It's nothing and don't
care,the next reboot you can work without the warring.

I think this is a common events just after updating importance or core packages.You need more time to let ubuntu replace the old one to new one.

注意,當你更新套件時,牽涉到 hal字樣,更新後第一刺開機可能會遇到硬體失靈,譬如鍵盤滑鼠都不能動,別擔心,一般來說這是為了更換套件引起的暫時性失靈,下次開機就正常了。

Trough there above steps,my Computer can work perfectly and
Surf the internet or Editor Chinese Article in 1280x1024(optimal resolution for my LCD) with 75Hz Refresh Rates and 32bit Color Numbers.the Chinese big5 fonts display is clearly as in Windows XP.

如印表機安裝在Windows 電腦上,且設定好分享。可透過設定Samba印表機使用您在Windows上的分享印表機。

For Engineers and Applied Mathematica Users:If you want to use Matlab in ubuntu.It's recommended buy 2007 or newer version.since it's very un-stable work 2006 version in ubuntu 7.10 in my experience,while "Matlab 2007b for linux" is perfert as in windows.And install procedure is easy.

使用Matlab for linux 在ubuntu 7.10 上請用2007b附近或更新的版本,2006或以前的版本嚴重不穩,可能是官方設計問題,通常無解,請改採購新版。

Hope this article make help you and ubuntu freshman.Type in my not good english since someone have not install big5 fonts ,this may occurs in other debian based linux (mint linux) .

常用軟體中文說明書,對照Novel Linux Enterprise Desktop 10
中文手冊之頁數
For Gnome
OOO 87 108
Evoulution 112 132
Gaim 143 146
FireFox 175 181
多媒體 187 228
LINUX SOFT 239 254

for KDE
digikam 242 258
k3b 271 277


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