Mate 黃金右鍵初步研究測試 [論壇 - LinuxMint]


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Mate 黃金右鍵初步研究測試
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這東西要做個乾淨而且全域性的腳本實在很難

同樣自gnome2分家出來的cinnamon體質就很好
cinnamon本身就是Linux Mint官方開發出來的
Linux Mint 也是愛集成黃金右鍵的,所以先天體質固然很好.

當然也有一些工具可以完成黃金右鍵, 比如 Caja-Actions...
不過都不是全域性乾淨完美的作法, 語法也不喜歡.
寫在USER目錄那種白ㄘ方法, 當系統重灌就得重新設定.

不過試了 caja-pyextensions 研究後發現. 也是可以實現乾淨而且全域性的作法
只是要用python腳本而已.

作法也很簡單, 不用安裝 caja-pyextensions

sudo apt-get install python-caja

然後把寫好的腳本放入 /usr/share/caja-python/extensions
重登或重新啟動後,黃金右鍵就出來了

改自caja-pyextensions的兩個基本腳本

以Root權限開啟
/usr/share/caja-python/extensions/open-as-root.py


#!/usr/bin/env python2
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""This module adds a menu item to the Caja right-click menu which allows to
   open the selected file/folder as root user, so having administrator rights"""


from gi.repository import Caja, GObject, Gtk, GdkPixbuf
import urllib, subprocess, re
import gettext, locale

ICONPATH = "/usr/share/pixmaps/gksu.png"
LOCALE_PATH = "/usr/share/locale/"
locale.setlocale(locale.LC_ALL, '')
_ = gettext.gettext

class OpenAsRoot(GObject.GObject, Caja.MenuProvider):
    """Implements the 'Open as Root' extension to the Caja right-click menu"""

    def __init__(self):
        """Caja crashes if a plugin doesn't implement the __init__ method"""
        try:
            factory = Gtk.IconFactory()
            pixbuf = GdkPixbuf.Pixbuf.new_from_file(ICONPATH)
            iconset = Gtk.IconSet.new_from_pixbuf(pixbuf)
            factory.add("gksu", iconset)
            factory.add_default()
        except: pass

    def run(self, menu, source_path):
        """Runs the Opening of the selected File/Folder as Root User"""
        subprocess.call("sudo caja %s &" % source_path, shell=True)

    def get_file_items(self, window, sel_items):
        """Adds the 'Open as Root' menu item to the Caja right-click menu,
           connects its 'activate' signal to the 'run' method passing the selected File/Folder"""
        if len(sel_items) != 1 or sel_items[0].get_uri_scheme() != 'file': return
        uri_raw = sel_items[0].get_uri()
        if len(uri_raw) < 7: return
        source_path = urllib.unquote(uri_raw[7:])
        item = Caja.MenuItem(name='CajaPython::gksu',
                                 label=_('Open as Root'),
                                 tip=_('Open the selected File/Folder as Root User'),
                                 icon='gksu')
        item.connect('activate', self.run, re.escape(source_path))
        return [item]






在此開啟終端機
/usr/share/caja-python/extensions/open-terminal-here.py


#!/usr/bin/env python2
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""This module adds a menu item to the Caja right-click menu which allows to Open the Terminal
   on the Selected Folder/Current Directory at predefined Geometry just through the right-clicking"""


from gi.repository import Caja, GObject, Gtk, GdkPixbuf
import urllib, os, subprocess
import gettext, locale

ICONPATH = "/usr/share/icons/gnome/48x48/apps/terminal.png"
LOCALE_PATH = "/usr/share/locale/"
locale.setlocale(locale.LC_ALL, '')
_ = gettext.gettext

class OpenTerminalHere(GObject.GObject, Caja.MenuProvider):
    """Implements the 'Open Terminal Here' extension to the caja right-click menu"""

    def __init__(self):
        """Caja crashes if a plugin doesn't implement the __init__ method"""
        try:
            factory = Gtk.IconFactory()
            pixbuf = GdkPixbuf.Pixbuf.new_from_file(ICONPATH)
            iconset = Gtk.IconSet.new_from_pixbuf(pixbuf)
            factory.add("terminal", iconset)
            factory.add_default()
        except: pass

    def run(self, menu, selected):
        """Runs the Open Terminal Here on the given Directory"""
        uri_raw = selected.get_uri()
        if len(uri_raw) < 7: return
        curr_dir = urllib.unquote(uri_raw[7:])
        if os.path.isfile(curr_dir): curr_dir = os.path.dirname(curr_dir)
        bash_string = "cd \"" + curr_dir + "\" && mate-terminal &"
        subprocess.call(bash_string, shell=True)

    def get_file_items(self, window, sel_items):
        """Adds the 'Open Terminal Here' menu item to the Caja right-click menu,
           connects its 'activate' signal to the 'run' method passing the selected Directory/File"""
        if len(sel_items) != 1 or sel_items[0].get_uri_scheme() != 'file': return
        item = Caja.MenuItem(name='CajaPython::terminal',
                                 label=_('Open Terminal Here'),
                                 tip=_('Open the Terminal on the Current/Selected Directory'),
                                 icon='terminal')
        item.connect('activate', self.run, sel_items[0])
        return [item]

    def get_background_items(self, window, current_directory):
        """Adds the 'Open Terminal Here' menu item to the Caja right-click menu,
           connects its 'activate' signal to the 'run' method passing the current Directory"""
        item = Caja.MenuItem(name='CajaPython::terminal',
                                 label=_('Open Terminal Here'),
                                 tip=_('Open the Terminal on the Current Directory'),
                                 icon='terminal')
        item.connect('activate', self.run, current_directory)
        return [item]



2016/3/19 1:22
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回覆: Mate 黃金右鍵初步研究測試
會員四級
註冊日期:
2015/9/29 21:19
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已註冊使用者
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MP : 100 / 4044
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離線
python腳本對不會python的一般使用者有高難度, 自訂性不高.
最佳的工具仍然是 Caja-Actions
之前把設定檔搞混, 誤以為HOME/.config/caja-actions/caja-actions.conf 是全部動作設定參數.

仍然不死心,下載原始碼來看一下.
caja-actions設定檔
檔案: caja-actions-1.8.0/src/core/na-settings.h
* - global configuration is sysconfdir/xdg/caja-actions/caja-actions.conf
* - per-user configuration is HOME/.config/caja-actions/caja-actions.conf


全域性設定檔為: /etc/xdg/caja-actions/caja-actions.conf

caja-actions動作參數
檔案: caja-actions-1.8.0/src/io-desktop/cadp-formats.c
XDG_DATA_DIRS/file-manager/actions directory

測試一下路徑
$ cd $XDG_DATA_DIRS
bash: cd: /usr/share/mate:/usr/share/mate:/usr/local/share/:/usr/share/:/usr/share/mdm/: 沒有此一檔案或目錄

表示"file-manager/actions"放在以上幾個目錄都可以

全域性動作參數目錄為 /usr/local/share/file-manager/actions/ 或 /usr/share/file-manager/actions/

例如選擇/usr/share/file-manager/actions/當動作參數腳本目錄
$ sudo mkdir /usr/share/file-manager
$ sudo mkdir /usr/share/file-manager/actions

安裝 caja-actions
$ sudo apt-get install caja-actions

實現第一個腳本
$ sudo leafpad /usr/share/file-manager/actions/open-as-root.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Action
Icon=folder_open
Name=open as root
Name[zh_TW]=以管理員權限開啟
Profiles=profile-zero;
TargetLocation=true

[X-Action-Profile profile-zero]
Exec=sudo caja %f


如果不喜歡右鍵蝸牛殼子選單模式
去蝸牛殼子選單模式
$ mkdir /etc/xdg/caja-actions
$ sudo leafpad /etc/xdg/caja-actions/caja-actions.conf
[runtime]
items-create-root-menu=false


清除 Home 目錄設定檔
$ rm -rf ~/.config/caja-actions
$ rm -rf ~/.local/share/file-manager

重登或重新啟動永久生效

2016/3/19 13:13
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回覆: Mate 黃金右鍵初步研究測試
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2015/9/29 21:19
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深入了解後發現, 這確實是好物. python腳本可以丟了
腳本接二連三實現..

先補齊Mint的基本黃金右鍵


在此開啟終端機
$ sudo leafpad /usr/share/file-manager/actions/open-terminal-here.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Action
Icon=utilities-terminal
Name=Open a terminal here
Name[zh_TW]=在此開啟終端機
Profiles=profile-zero;
TargetLocation=true

[X-Action-Profile profile-zero]
Exec=mate-terminal
MimeTypes=inode/directory;
Path=%f


Mint-檢查MD5 (mint專屬)
$ sudo leafpad /usr/share/file-manager/actions/mint-md5sum.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Action
Icon=gnome-run
Name=Check MD5
Name[zh_TW]=檢查MD5
Profiles=profile-zero;

[X-Action-Profile profile-zero]
Basenames=*.iso;*.ISO;*.nrg;*.NRG;
Exec=mint-md5sum %f


mint-檔案搜尋(要安裝 catfish 重點在於可搜尋檔案內容文字)
$ sudo leafpad /usr/share/file-manager/actions/catfish.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Action
Icon=gtk-find
Name=Search for Files
Name[zh_TW]=檔案搜尋
Profiles=profile-zero;
TargetLocation=true

[X-Action-Profile profile-zero]
MimeTypes=inode/directory;
Exec=catfish %f


mint-建立連結(如果沒出現連結, 重新載入後連結才會跑出來)
$ sudo leafpad /usr/share/file-manager/actions/create-link.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Action
Icon=emblem-symbolic-link
Name=Create a Link
Name[zh_TW]=建立連結
Profiles=profile-zero;

[X-Action-Profile profile-zero]
Exec=ln -s %f 'Link to %b'

2016/3/19 19:05
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回覆: Mate 黃金右鍵初步研究測試
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註冊日期:
2015/9/29 21:19
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已註冊使用者
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EXP: 22
離線
掛載映像檔 (iso nrg squashfs壓縮格式)
$ sudo leafpad /usr/share/file-manager/actions/mount-image.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Action
Icon=media-optical
Name=Mount Image
Name[zh_TW]=掛載映像檔
Profiles=profile-zero;

[X-Action-Profile profile-zero]
Basenames=*.iso;*.ISO;*.nrg;*.NRG;*.squashfs;*.sqfs;*.sfs;
Exec=mount-image %f %b

$ sudo leafpad /usr/bin/mount-image
#!/bin/bash
file=$1
name=$2

case "${1##*.}" in
"iso"|"ISO")
sudo mkdir /run/media
sudo mkdir /run/media/$USER
sudo mkdir /run/media/$USER/$name
sudo mount -o loop $file /run/media/$USER/$name
;;
"nrg"|"NRG")
sudo mkdir /run/media
sudo mkdir /run/media/$USER
sudo mkdir /run/media/$USER/$name
sudo mount -o loop,offset=307200 $file /run/media/$USER/$name
;;
"squashfs"|"sfs"|"sqfs")
sudo mkdir /run/media
sudo mkdir /run/media/$USER
sudo mkdir /run/media/$USER/$name
sudo mount -t squashfs $file /run/media/$USER/$name
;;
esac


賦予權限
$ sudo chmod 755 /usr/bin/mount-image

2016/3/19 19:42
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回覆: Mate 黃金右鍵初步研究測試
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2015/9/29 21:19
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已註冊使用者
等級: 16
HP : 0 / 380
MP : 100 / 4044
EXP: 22
離線
DEB解壓縮/打包(修改現有DEB套件專用)

$ sudo leafpad /usr/share/file-manager/actions/deb-unpack.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Action
Icon=gnome-mime-application-x-deb
Name=Unpack DEB
Name[zh_TW]=解壓縮DEB
Profiles=profile-zero;

[X-Action-Profile profile-zero]
MimeTypes=application/vnd.debian.binary-package;
Exec=sudo deb-unpack %b


$ sudo leafpad /usr/share/file-manager/actions/deb-pack.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Action
Icon=softwarecenter-debian
Name=Rebuild DEB
Name[zh_TW]=重建DEB
Profiles=profile-zero;

[X-Action-Profile profile-zero]
MimeTypes=inode/directory;
Basenames=*.deb.upk;
Exec=sudo deb-pack %b



$ sudo leafpad /usr/bin/deb-unpack
#!/bin/bash
name=$1

dpkg -X $name deb
cd deb
dpkg -e ../$name
cd ../
rm $name
rm deb/DEBIAN/md5sums
mv deb $name".upk"

zenity --title="DEB Utility" --info --text="Extract DEB binary-package Successfully."



$ sudo leafpad /usr/bin/deb-pack
#!/bin/bash
name=$1
debname="${name%.*}"

md5dir="bin lib lin64 opt sbin usr"

cd $name
find $md5dir -type f -exec md5sum {} > DEBIAN/md5sums \;
cd ../

sudo dpkg -b $name $debname

zenity --title="DEB Utility" --info --text="Rebuild DEB binary-package Successfully."



賦予權限
$ sudo chmod 755 /usr/bin/deb-pack
$ sudo chmod 755 /usr/bin/deb-unpack

2016/3/19 19:49
應用擴展 工具箱
回覆: Mate 黃金右鍵初步研究測試
會員四級
註冊日期:
2015/9/29 21:19
所屬群組:
已註冊使用者
等級: 16
HP : 0 / 380
MP : 100 / 4044
EXP: 22
離線
initramfs 解壓縮與重建 (debian/ubuntu/archlinux/manjaro)

$ sudo leafpad /usr/share/file-manager/actions/initrd-unpack.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Action
Icon=gnome-package
Name=Unpack initrd
Name[zh_TW]=解壓縮 initrd
Profiles=profile-zero;

[X-Action-Profile profile-zero]
Basenames=initrd.img;initrd.gz;initrd.lz;initramfs-linux.img;manjaro.img;archiso.img;
Exec=initrd-unpack %f %b



$ sudo leafpad /usr/share/file-manager/actions/initrd-pack.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Action
Icon=gnome-package
Name=Rebuild initrd
Name[zh_TW]=重建 initrd
Profiles=profile-zero;

[X-Action-Profile profile-zero]
MimeTypes=inode/directory;
Basenames=rootfs;
Exec=initrd-pack %b



$ sudo leafpad /usr/bin/initrd-unpack
#!/bin/bash
file=$1
name=$2

ftype=$(file -b $file)

case $ftype in
"XZ"*)
mv $name initrd.xz
xz -d initrd.xz
mkdir rootfs
;;
"LZMA"*)
mv $name initrd.lzma
lzma -d initrd.lzma
mkdir rootfs
;;
"gzip"*)
mv $name initrd.gz
gzip -d initrd.gz
mkdir rootfs
;;
esac

cd rootfs
cpio -i -F ../initrd
rm ../initrd

zenity --title="initramfs utility" --info --text="extract initramfs successfully."



$ sudo leafpad /usr/bin/initrd-pack
#!/bin/bash
name=$1

cd $name
find . | cpio -o --format=newc > ../initrd
cd ../
gzip -c initrd > initrd.gz
rm -rf initrd
rm -rf rootfs

zenity --title="initramfs utility" --info --text="rebuild initramfs successfully."



賦予權限
$ sudo chmod 755 /usr/bin/initrd-unpack
$ sudo chmod 755 /usr/bin/initrd-pack

2016/3/19 19:54
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