如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動? [論壇 - Ubuntu安裝問題]


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ABC@DEF.COM
回覆: 如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動?
Anon:ABC@DEF.COM
ppa中的Intel Driver在8.04下不太好,沒有打patch的,在compiz 3d下視訊會變得很慢的。

2009/3/12 13:59 | f580a 4bbe8 58db9 953e1
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sss
回覆: 如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動?
Anon:sss
沒錯... ppa那個果然不怎麼穩.... 還是建議使用一樓的自行編譯方法

但在Ubuntu 8.10會編譯失敗,實在沒辦法的話就用#30樓的ppa的源囉。

另外也參考下列的編譯安裝方法 (Ubuntu 8.10成功!)

1. 使用1樓ellon大的libdrm2編譯:

下載最新libdrm 2.4.5 (打了patch,不需要在xorg設置DRI了)
http://myubuntu.ca/download/libdrm-2.4.5.tar.bz2

編譯, 開終端機輸入:

tar xvjf libdrm-2.4.5.tar.bz2
cd libdrm-2.4.5
./configure --prefix=/usr
make
sudo make install



2. 用最新的Git編譯, 開終端機輸入:

git clone git://git.freedesktop.org/git/xorg/driver/xf86-video-intel/ xf86-video-intel
cd xf86-video-intel
./autogen
./configure --prefix=/usr
make -j3
sudo make install


為了安全起見,先做重新設定xorg 開終端機輸入::

sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg -phigh


Control+Alt+Backspace 登出, 成功登入後

最後檢查驅動版本, 開終端機輸入:

 cat /var/log/Xorg.0.log | grep -A 3 "Module intel" 


應該會看到:

(II) Module intel: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
compiled for 1.5.2, module version = 2.6.99
Module class: X.Org Video Driver
ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 4.1


注意,如果你像我一樣使用Intel 845G的老古董晶片組的,那你可能要失望了,因為bug未修復的緣故,就算是最新版的Intel驅動也無法啟用compiz, (但2D效能會比Ubuntu自帶的Intel 2.4.1版本驅動順暢許多), 看了Launchpad上的討論,據說Ubuntu 9.04也不準備修復, so... 要用compiz還是回8.04 hardy吧~ Orz

2009/3/12 15:28 | ee583 373d2 f6ddc 2da4e
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sss
回覆: 如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動?
Anon:sss
看來Intel chipset在Ubuntu 8.10上表現很差是公認的事實:

這是ubuntu.com自己說的:
http://www.ubuntu.com/testing/jaunty/beta

Users of Intel video chipsets have reported performance regressions in Ubuntu 8.10 compared with previous releases. (252094) Although these performance issues have not been resolved by default in Ubuntu 9.04, a new experimental acceleration architecture option, DRI2/UXA, is available for Intel graphics users. Our testing has found this provides significant performance improvements for many users, but has also shown risk of severe stability problems, thus we are not yet providing to the general public. You can opt-in to enable this by running "sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf", and adding Option "AccelMethod" "UXA" to the Device section of your xorg.conf. Users wishing to maximize stability should stay with the standard default acceleration method, "EXA".

(9.10 雖然沒有太大改善,但有其他的解決方法)


但可惜的是, i8x5系列的目前還不能用:


Some users of Intel i8x5 video chipsets are unable to load X, getting an error message of "Fatal server error: Couldn't bind memory for BO front buffer". As a workaround, use the VESA driver by logging into a text console, running "sudo nano /etc/X11/xorg.conf", and adding the line Driver "vesa" to the Device section. An alternative (experimental) workaround is to use the UXA acceleration method (see below). If in doubt, please do not upgrade to Ubuntu 9.04 Beta yet. 304871

https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/xserver-xorg-video-intel/+bug/304871

(謎之聲, Intel顯卡不是開源支援最最最最棒的嗎? 風水輪流轉, 繼Nvidia, ATI 之後, 這下輪到intel了?)

2009/3/31 22:54 | ff370 d2326 53de9 217b4
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sss
回覆: 如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動?
Anon:sss
sss 寫到:
看來Intel chipset在Ubuntu 8.10上表現很差是公認的事實:

這是ubuntu.com自己說的:
http://www.ubuntu.com/testing/jaunty/beta

Users of Intel video chipsets have reported performance regressions in Ubuntu 8.10 compared with previous releases. (252094) Although these performance issues have not been resolved by default in Ubuntu 9.04, a new experimental acceleration architecture option, DRI2/UXA, is available for Intel graphics users. Our testing has found this provides significant performance improvements for many users, but has also shown risk of severe stability problems, thus we are not yet providing to the general public. You can opt-in to enable this by running "sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf", and adding Option "AccelMethod" "UXA" to the Device section of your xorg.conf. Users wishing to maximize stability should stay with the standard default acceleration method, "EXA".

(9.10 雖然沒有太大改善,但有其他的解決方法)


但可惜的是, i8x5系列的目前還不能用:


Some users of Intel i8x5 video chipsets are unable to load X, getting an error message of "Fatal server error: Couldn't bind memory for BO front buffer". As a workaround, use the VESA driver by logging into a text console, running "sudo nano /etc/X11/xorg.conf", and adding the line Driver "vesa" to the Device section. An alternative (experimental) workaround is to use the UXA acceleration method (see below). If in doubt, please do not upgrade to Ubuntu 9.04 Beta yet. 304871

https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/xserver-xorg-video-intel/+bug/304871

(謎之聲, Intel顯卡不是開源支援最最最最棒的嗎? 風水輪流轉, 繼Nvidia, ATI 之後, 這下輪到intel了?)


Ubuntu 8.10的Intel顯卡加速大法:
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/X/UxaTesting

sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

在這段:
Section "Device"
       # ...
       # .....
       # ..........
EndSection


加入

     Option        "AccelMethod" "uxa"


不過.... 可能會造成X不穩,請自行斟酌。


除了上面那行以外,也可以額外"亂入" (因不確定是否有效,所以算"亂入" XD)

Option "XaaNoPixmapCache"
Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" "1"
Option "DRI" "true"
# VideoRam 440320
# Option "XvMCSurfaces" "6"
# Option "May_Need_ForceBIOS" "1"

2009/3/31 23:04 | ff370 d2326 53de9 217b4
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回覆: 如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動?
會員三級
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2008/4/29 0:29
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謎之聲, Intel顯卡不是開源支援最最最最棒的嗎? 風水輪流轉, 繼Nvidia, ATI 之後, 這下輪到intel了?

答:
都是Intel自作自受的。因為Intel不斷改記憶體管理體系
8.04時,Mesa 7.0.3 + Intel TTM,支援INTEL_BATCH,很快
8.10時,Mesa 7.2 + classic mode (Intel放棄TTM了),慢了。
9.04時,Mesa 7.3 + GEM(Intel新方案,但不成熟),結果很慢很慢了。

2009/4/1 2:16
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sss
回覆: 如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動?
Anon:sss
這裡有最最最新Xorg, MESA, DRM 徵求小白老鼠:

https://wiki.ubuntu.com/XorgOnTheEdge

Jaunty packages

Ubuntu 9.04 will ship with xorg-server 1.6 and mesa 7.3. There are some updated drivers in https://launchpad.net/~tormodvolden and updated libdrm and -intel driver stack in https://launchpad.net/~xorg-edgers/+archive


Intrepid packages

Ubuntu 8.10 ships with xorg-server 1.5.2 and mesa 7.2. There is an xorg-server 1.5.3 in https://launchpad.net/~xorg-edgers/+archive which can be installed without any new dependencies.

---

關於Intel顯卡超龜速問題. Ubuntu也有在盡量修了: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UbuntuBugDay/20090402

但這好像牽涉到上游(Intel)所以也不知道修不修得好 @@

2009/4/2 22:05 | ff370 d2326 53de9 217b4
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回覆: 如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動?
會員五級
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2007/8/9 23:18
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回報一下...
裝上最新的DRM和intel driver以後...
速度有好一點...

不過還是很慢...Orz

2009/4/4 20:30
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sss
回覆: 如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動?
Anon:sss

2009/4/8 23:15 | ff370 d2326 53de9 217b4
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sss
回覆: 如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動?
Anon:sss
sss 寫到:
手動下載deb (不穩定待測試版本,for 9.04 Jaunty)

https://edge.launchpad.net/~bryceharrington/+archive/ppa/+sourcepub/535882/+listing-archive-extra


抱歉沒看清楚,這是只適用845/865系列的patch

現在官方套件庫裡頭的 (xserver-xorg-video-intel 2:2.6.3-0ubuntu8) 已經修復這個問題了

2009/4/8 23:18 | ff370 d2326 53de9 217b4
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sss
回覆: 如何安裝Intel顯示卡最新驅動?
Anon:sss
froce 寫到:
回報一下...
裝上最新的DRM和intel driver以後...
速度有好一點...

不過還是很慢...Orz


Wiki 說的: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/X/Troubleshooting/IntelPerformance#Problem:%20glxgears%20has%20low%20FPS

他說除非FPS降低至螢幕顯示頻率以下,否則沒關係,且glxgears也不能代表什麼:

1. glxgears drops from XXXX to YYY

This is generally nothing to worry about. High glxgears numbers generally indicate excessively high screen repainting, so if this drops from say 1500 fps to 500 fps, it should not produce any noticeable performance impact.

2. glxgears drops from XXX to YYY

As in #1, these drops are *usually* nothing to worry about, especially if you haven't noticed any change in performance. In *some* cases if you notice a performance drop, glxgears numbers may drop as well, and there may indeed be a correlation. However, glxgears isn't a benchmark, so it does little good to post the numbers (indeed, if anything it flags your post as ill-informed on the subject!)

Instead, get before and after FPS measurements using a 3D game, such as sauerbraten, tuxracer, tremulous, or the like.

3. glxgears drops from XXX to YY (e.g. usually around ~50-60fps)

This may indicate that you have vblank syncing turned on. Is the glxgears fps roughly equal to the refresh rate of your monitor? (LCDs tend to operate at 60Hz, so 50-60fps is common in these cases)

If so, see the previous section for a discussion of vblank settings. Normally vblank is a GOOD thing, but it can cause side-effects. If you are experiencing performance impacts, try disabling vblank.

4. glxgears drops to 30fps or below

Any time glxgears returns fps less than your monitor's refresh rate, it definitely indicates a performance problem.

If the fps seems to hit at about half your monitor refresh rate, it indicates the graphics card is not synchronizing properly, and is missing every other frame request by the monitor.

2009/4/24 10:08 | ee583 373d2 f6ddc 2da4e
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