安裝過Realtek驅動出現 Dummy Output... [論壇 - Ubuntu硬體支援---音效卡專區]


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安裝過Realtek驅動出現 Dummy Output...
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註冊日期:
2/20 20:04:57
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系統嘗試安裝Realtek驅動之後,重開機,結果音效只剩下Dummy Output,有辦法復原嗎??

輸入alsamixer,抓不到音效卡
ys-pan@P5K-SE:~/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa$ alsamixer
無法開啟混音器: 沒有此一檔案或目錄


底下是執行安裝指令的結果...

ys-pan@P5K-SE:~/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa$ sudo ./configure
[sudo] password for ys-pan: 
checking for gcc... gcc
checking whether the C compiler works... yes
checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
checking for suffix of executables... 
checking whether we are cross compiling... no
checking for suffix of object files... o
checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes
checking for gcc option to accept ISO C89... none needed
checking for ranlib... ranlib
checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c
checking how to run the C preprocessor... gcc -E
checking for grep that handles long lines and -e... /bin/grep
checking for egrep... /bin/grep -E
checking for ANSI C header files... yes
checking for an ANSI C-conforming const... yes
checking for inline... inline
checking whether time.h and sys/time.h may both be included... yes
checking whether gcc needs -traditional... no
checking for current directory... /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa
checking cross compile... 
checking for directory with ALSA kernel sources... /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18
checking for directory with kernel source... /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/build
checking for directory with kernel build... /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/build
checking for kernel linux/version.h ... generated/uapi/linux/version.h
checking for kernel linux/autoconf.h generated/autoconf.h... generated/autoconf.h
checking for kernel linux/utsrelease.h generated/utsrelease.h... generated/utsrelease.h
checking for kernel version... 4.4.0-98-generic
checking for GCC version... Kernel compiler:  Used compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.5) 5.4.0 20160609

*** NO PREDEFINED KERNEL COMPILER IS DETECTED
*** Assuming the same compiler is used with the current system compiler.

*** Please make sure that the same compiler version was used for building kernel.

checking for built-in ALSA... no
checking for existing ALSA module... yes
checking for Red Hat kernel... auto
checking for Red Hat kernel... no
checking for SUSE kernel... auto
checking for SUSE kernel... no
checking for updating alsa-kernel version.h... yes
checking for CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL... yes
checking for directory to store kernel modules... /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound
checking for verbose procfs... on
checking for verbose printk... on
checking for debug level... none
checking for ISA support in kernel... no
checking for processor type... x86_64
checking for ISA DMA API... yes
checking for 32bit compat support... yes
checking for kernel linux/config.h... no
Creating <linux/config.h>...
checking for deprecated linux/config.h... checking to modify of kernel linux/kmod.h... no
checking for kernel linux/kconfig.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/utsrelease.h... no
Creating a dummy <linux/utsrelease.h>...
checking for kernel linux/compiler.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/pm.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/pm_runtime.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/spinlock.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/irq.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/threads.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/rwsem.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/gameport.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/export.h... yes
checking for kernel media/v4l2-dev.h... yes
checking for kernel media/v4l2-device.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/devfs_fs_kernel.h... no
Creating a dummy <linux/devfs_fs_kernel.h>...
checking for kernel linux/highmem.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/ratelimit.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/kconfig.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/workqueue.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/dma-mapping.h... yes
checking for kernel asm/hw_irq.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/device.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/platform_device.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/isa.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/jiffies.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/compat.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/log2.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/adb.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/cuda.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/pmu.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/io.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/moduleparam.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/syscalls.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/firmware.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/err.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/bitmap.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/mutex.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/pm_qos.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/pm_qos_params.h... no
Creating <linux/pm_qos_params.h>...
checking for kernel linux/kthread.h... yes
checking for kernel asm/irq_regs.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/seq_file.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/debugfs.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/gpio.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/bug.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/math64.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/regulator/consumer.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/dmi.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/bitrev.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/hrtimer.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/vgaarb.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/vga_switcheroo.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/gcd.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/gfp.h... yes
checking for kernel pcmcia/cs_types.h... no
Creating <pcmcia/cs_types.h>...
checking for kernel pcmcia/cs.h... no
Creating <pcmcia/cs.h>...
checking for kernel linux/lzo.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/async.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/bitrev.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/smp_lock.h... no
Creating a dummy <linux/smp_lock.h>...
checking for kernel linux/i8253.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/atomic.h... yes
Copying trace/events headers
checking for kernel linux/tracepoint.h... yes
checking for kernel trace/define_trace.h... yes
Creating a workaround <linux/tracepoint.h>...
checking for kernel module symbol versions... yes
checking for has ioport support... no
checking for PCI support in kernel... yes
checking for I2C driver in kernel... yes
checking for I2C_POWERMAC in kernel... unknown
checking for firmware loader... yes
checking for input subsystem in kernel... yes
checking for pc-speaker platform in kernel... yes
checking for SMP... yes
checking for Video device support in kernel... yes
checking for ISA PnP driver in kernel... yes
checking for PnP driver in kernel... yes
checking for Kernel ISA-PnP support... no
checking for Kernel ISA-PnP module support... no
checking for strlcpy... yes
checking for snprintf... yes
checking for vsnprintf... yes
checking for scnprintf... yes
checking for sscanf... yes
checking for vmalloc_to_page... yes
checking for vzalloc... yes
checking for div_u64... yes
checking for dev_name... yes
checking for dev_set_name... yes
checking for put_pid... yes
checking for pid_vnr... yes
checking for old kmod... no
checking for PDE... no
checking for pci_set_consistent_dma_mask... yes
checking for pci_dev_present... yes
checking for msleep... yes
checking for msleep_interrupt... yes
checking for msecs_to_jiffies... yes
checking for tty->count is the atomic type... yes
checking for video_drvdata... yes
checking for V4L1 layer... no
checking for V4L2 layer... yes
checking for kernel media/v4l2-ctrls.h... yes
checking for io_remap_pfn_range... yes
checking for kcalloc... yes
checking for kstrdup... yes
checking for kstrndup... yes
checking for kzalloc... yes
checking for create_workqueue with flags... no
checking for pci_ioremap_bar... yes
checking for register_sound_special_device... yes
checking for driver extra-version... 
checking for driver version... 1.0.2x-130606-v5.18rc8
checking for dynamic minor numbers... no
checking for sequencer support... yes
checking for OSS/Free emulation... checking for OSS CORE... yes
yes
checking for OSS PCM plugin system inclusion... yes
checking for RTC support... no
checking for HPET support... yes
checking for Procfs support... yes
checking for USB support... yes
checking for kernel linux/usb/audio-v2.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/usb/audio.h... yes
checking for valid v1 in linux/usb/audio.h... yes
checking for invalid v2 in linux/usb/audio.h... no
checking for valid linux/usb/audio-v2.h... no
Creating <linux/usb/audio-v2.h>...
checking for kernel linux/usb/ch9.h... yes
checking usb_alloc_coherent... yes
checking for class_simple... no
checking for old driver suspend/resume callbacks... no
checking for removal of page-reservation for nopage/mmap... no
checking for vm_iomap_memory... yes
checking for nested class_device... no
checking for new IRQ handler... yes
checking for gfp_t... yes
checking for GFP_DMA32... yes
checking for page_to_pfn... yes
checking for PnP suspend/resume... yes
checking for device_create_drvdata... no
checking for pm_qos_request... yes
checking for static pm_qos_request... no
checking for new pm_qos_request... no
checking for new unlocked/compat_ioctl... yes
checking for builtin _Bool support... yes
checking for x86-compatible PC... no
checking for High-Res timers... yes
checking for kernel PCMCIA
checking for PCMCIA support... yes
checking for PC9800 support in kernel... no
checking for parallel port support... yes
checking for power management... yes
checking for CONFIG_HAS_DMA... yes
checking for FireWire support... yes
checking for set_pages_array_wc... yes
checking for cards to compile driver for... all
checking for additonal options to compile driver for... all
configure: creating ./config.status
config.status: creating version
config.status: creating Makefile.conf
config.status: WARNING:  'Makefile.conf.in' seems to ignore the --datarootdir setting
config.status: creating snddevices
config.status: creating utils/alsa-driver.spec
config.status: creating utils/buildrpm
config.status: creating toplevel.config
config.status: creating utils/alsasound
config.status: creating utils/alsasound.posix
config.status: creating include/pci_ids_compat.h
config.status: creating include/i2c-id_compat.h
config.status: creating include/config.h
config.status: include/config.h is unchanged
config.status: creating include/config1.h
config.status: include/config1.h is unchanged
config.status: creating include/version.h
config.status: include/version.h is unchanged
config.status: creating include/autoconf-extra.h
config.status: include/autoconf-extra.h is unchanged
config.status: creating include/alsa-kconfig.h
config.status: include/alsa-kconfig.h is unchanged
Hacking autoconf.h...


ys-pan@P5K-SE:~/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa$ sudo make
make dep
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include'
make -C sound prepare
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include/sound'
make prepare2
make[4]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include/sound'
make[4]: Nothing to be done for 'prepare2'.
make[4]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include/sound'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include/sound'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/ioctl32'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/ioctl32'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/oss'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/oss'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/seq'
make[4]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/seq/oss'
make[4]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/seq/oss'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/seq'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c/l3'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c/l3'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c/other'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c/other'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/mpu401'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/mpu401'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/opl3'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/opl3'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/opl4'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/opl4'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/pcsp'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/pcsp'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/vx'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/vx'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/ad1816a'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/ad1816a'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/ad1848'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/ad1848'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/cs423x'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/cs423x'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/es1688'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/es1688'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/galaxy'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/galaxy'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/gus'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/gus'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/msnd'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/msnd'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/opti9xx'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/opti9xx'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/sb'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/sb'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/wavefront'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/wavefront'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/wss'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/wss'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/synth'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/synth/emux'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/synth/emux'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/synth'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ac97'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ac97'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ali5451'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ali5451'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/asihpi'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/asihpi'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/au88x0'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/au88x0'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/aw2'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/aw2'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ca0106'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ca0106'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/cs46xx'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/cs46xx'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/cs5535audio'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/cs5535audio'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ctxfi'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ctxfi'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/echoaudio'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/echoaudio'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/emu10k1'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/emu10k1'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/hda'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/hda'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ice1712'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ice1712'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/korg1212'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/korg1212'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/lola'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/lola'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/lx6464es'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/lx6464es'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/mixart'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/mixart'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/nm256'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/nm256'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/oxygen'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/oxygen'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/pcxhr'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/pcxhr'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/pdplus'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/pdplus'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/riptide'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/riptide'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/rme9652'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/rme9652'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/trident'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/trident'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/vx222'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/vx222'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ymfpci'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ymfpci'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/codecs'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/codecs'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/core'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/core'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/fabrics'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/fabrics'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/soundbus'
make[4]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/soundbus/i2sbus'
make[4]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/soundbus/i2sbus'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/soundbus'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/atmel'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/atmel'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/au1x'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/au1x'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/blackfin'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/blackfin'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/cirrus'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/cirrus'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/codecs'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/codecs'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/davinci'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/davinci'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/dwc'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/dwc'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/fsl'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/fsl'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/generic'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/generic'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/jz4740'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/jz4740'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/kirkwood'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/kirkwood'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/mid-x86'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/mid-x86'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/mxs'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/mxs'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/nuc900'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/nuc900'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/omap'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/omap'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/pxa'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/pxa'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/s6000'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/s6000'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/samsung'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/samsung'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/sh'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/sh'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/tegra'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/tegra'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/txx9'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/txx9'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/ux500'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/ux500'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/6fire'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/6fire'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/caiaq'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/caiaq'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/misc'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/misc'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/usx2y'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/usx2y'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia/pdaudiocf'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia/pdaudiocf'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia/vx'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia/vx'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/misc'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/misc'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/firewire'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/firewire'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa'
make -C /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/build SUBDIRS=/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa  CPP="gcc -E" CC="gcc" modules
make[1]: Entering directory '/usr/src/linux-headers-4.4.0-98-generic'
  CC [M]  /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/wrappers.o
  CC [M]  /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/misc_driver.o
  CC [M]  /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/info.o
/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/info.c: In function ‘snd_info_version_read’:
/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/info.c:1065:22: error: macro "__DATE__" might prevent reproducible builds [-Werror=date-time]
       "Compiled on " __DATE__ " for kernel %s"
                      ^
cc1: some warnings being treated as errors
scripts/Makefile.build:258: recipe for target '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/info.o' failed
make[3]: *** [/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/info.o] Error 1
scripts/Makefile.build:403: recipe for target '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore' failed
make[2]: *** [/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore] Error 2
Makefile:1423: recipe for target '_module_/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa' failed
make[1]: *** [_module_/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory '/usr/src/linux-headers-4.4.0-98-generic'
Makefile:167: recipe for target 'compile' failed
make: *** [compile] Error 2


ys-pan@P5K-SE:~/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa$ sudo make install
if [ -L /usr/include/sound ]; then \
        rm -f /usr/include/sound; \
        ln -sf /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include/sound /usr/include/sound; \
else \
        rm -rf /usr/include/sound; \
        install -d -m 755 -g root -o root /usr/include/sound; \
        for f in include/sound/*.h; do \
                install -m 644 -g root -o root $f /usr/include/sound; \
        done \
fi
find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'snd*.*o' | xargs rm -f
find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'snd*.*o.gz' | xargs rm -f
find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'ac97_bus.*o' | xargs rm -f
find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'ac97_bus.*o.gz' | xargs rm -f
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include'
make[1]: Nothing to be done for 'modules_install'.
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore'
mkdir -p /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound/acore
cp snd-hrtimer.ko snd-hwdep.ko snd-page-alloc.ko snd-pcm.ko snd-rawmidi.ko snd-timer.ko snd.ko /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound/acore
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-hrtimer.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-hwdep.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-page-alloc.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-pcm.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-rawmidi.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-timer.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/Rules.make:48: recipe for target 'modules_install' failed
make[1]: *** [modules_install] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore'
Makefile:206: recipe for target 'install-modules' failed
make: *** [install-modules] Error 1

附件:



jpg  p0001.jpg (33.21 KB)
48590_5a05969548465.jpg 766X557 px

jpg  p0002.jpg (39.58 KB)
48590_5a0596a5d602f.jpg 826X593 px

11/10 20:08:27
應用擴展 工具箱
回覆: 安裝過Realtek驅動出現 Dummy Output...
會員五級
註冊日期:
2012/4/22 10:50
所屬群組:
已註冊使用者
等級: 33
HP : 160 / 803
MP : 504 / 13098
EXP: 15
離線

註: 若要了解恢復步驟,可以拉到最下方,或使用關鍵字
## 恢復參考步驟來查詢頁面,應該就可以找到。
因為我前面有提到一些額外的議題,所以我囉唆了一下 :p




Ys Pan 寫到:
系統嘗試安裝Realtek驅動之後,重開機,結果音效只剩下Dummy Output,有辦法復原嗎??

輸入alsamixer,抓不到音效卡
ys-pan@P5K-SE:~/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa$ alsamixer
無法開啟混音器: 沒有此一檔案或目錄



若在您的系統找不到「alsamixer」這個指令,
可以先安裝「apt-file」,然後執行「apt-file update」,
接著在執行「apt-file search alsamixer」,找尋「alsamixer」是來自於哪個套件。

當然在上面的網頁,也找的到。只要到「http://manpages.ubuntu.com/」查詢「alsamixer」。
就可以找到「http://manpages.ubuntu.com/manpages/xenial/en/man1/alsamixer.1.html」。
然後就可以看到「Provided by: alsa-utils_1.1.0-0ubuntu5_amd64」這樣的字樣。

然後在我的系統「Ubuntu 17.10」,因為已經有安裝「alsamixer」這個指令,
所以可以直接執行下面指令,就可以找到「alsamixer」是來自於哪個套件。


dpkg -S $(which alsamixer)



顯示


alsa-utils: /usr/bin/alsamixer



表示「/usr/bin/alsamixer」這個檔案,是來自於「alsa-utils」這個套件。

================================================================================

Ys Pan 寫到:
底下是執行安裝指令的結果...


關於

Ys Pan 寫到:
ys-pan@P5K-SE:~/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa$ sudo ./configure



這裡是題外話,應該不需要「sudo」,只需要「./configure」。


================================================================================

Ys Pan 寫到:
[sudo] password for ys-pan: 
checking for gcc... gcc
checking whether the C compiler works... yes
checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
checking for suffix of executables... 
checking whether we are cross compiling... no
checking for suffix of object files... o
checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes
checking for gcc option to accept ISO C89... none needed
checking for ranlib... ranlib
checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c
checking how to run the C preprocessor... gcc -E
checking for grep that handles long lines and -e... /bin/grep
checking for egrep... /bin/grep -E
checking for ANSI C header files... yes
checking for an ANSI C-conforming const... yes
checking for inline... inline
checking whether time.h and sys/time.h may both be included... yes
checking whether gcc needs -traditional... no
checking for current directory... /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa
checking cross compile... 
checking for directory with ALSA kernel sources... /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18
checking for directory with kernel source... /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/build
checking for directory with kernel build... /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/build
checking for kernel linux/version.h ... generated/uapi/linux/version.h
checking for kernel linux/autoconf.h generated/autoconf.h... generated/autoconf.h
checking for kernel linux/utsrelease.h generated/utsrelease.h... generated/utsrelease.h
checking for kernel version... 4.4.0-98-generic
checking for GCC version... Kernel compiler:  Used compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.5) 5.4.0 20160609

*** NO PREDEFINED KERNEL COMPILER IS DETECTED
*** Assuming the same compiler is used with the current system compiler.

*** Please make sure that the same compiler version was used for building kernel.

checking for built-in ALSA... no
checking for existing ALSA module... yes
checking for Red Hat kernel... auto
checking for Red Hat kernel... no
checking for SUSE kernel... auto
checking for SUSE kernel... no
checking for updating alsa-kernel version.h... yes
checking for CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL... yes
checking for directory to store kernel modules... /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound
checking for verbose procfs... on
checking for verbose printk... on
checking for debug level... none
checking for ISA support in kernel... no
checking for processor type... x86_64
checking for ISA DMA API... yes
checking for 32bit compat support... yes
checking for kernel linux/config.h... no
Creating <linux/config.h>...
checking for deprecated linux/config.h... checking to modify of kernel linux/kmod.h... no
checking for kernel linux/kconfig.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/utsrelease.h... no
Creating a dummy <linux/utsrelease.h>...
checking for kernel linux/compiler.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/pm.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/pm_runtime.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/spinlock.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/irq.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/threads.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/rwsem.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/gameport.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/export.h... yes
checking for kernel media/v4l2-dev.h... yes
checking for kernel media/v4l2-device.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/devfs_fs_kernel.h... no
Creating a dummy <linux/devfs_fs_kernel.h>...
checking for kernel linux/highmem.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/ratelimit.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/kconfig.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/workqueue.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/dma-mapping.h... yes
checking for kernel asm/hw_irq.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/device.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/platform_device.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/isa.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/jiffies.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/compat.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/log2.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/adb.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/cuda.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/pmu.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/io.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/moduleparam.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/syscalls.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/firmware.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/err.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/bitmap.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/mutex.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/pm_qos.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/pm_qos_params.h... no
Creating <linux/pm_qos_params.h>...
checking for kernel linux/kthread.h... yes
checking for kernel asm/irq_regs.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/seq_file.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/debugfs.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/gpio.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/bug.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/math64.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/regulator/consumer.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/dmi.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/bitrev.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/hrtimer.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/vgaarb.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/vga_switcheroo.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/gcd.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/gfp.h... yes
checking for kernel pcmcia/cs_types.h... no
Creating <pcmcia/cs_types.h>...
checking for kernel pcmcia/cs.h... no
Creating <pcmcia/cs.h>...
checking for kernel linux/lzo.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/async.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/bitrev.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/smp_lock.h... no
Creating a dummy <linux/smp_lock.h>...
checking for kernel linux/i8253.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/atomic.h... yes
Copying trace/events headers
checking for kernel linux/tracepoint.h... yes
checking for kernel trace/define_trace.h... yes
Creating a workaround <linux/tracepoint.h>...
checking for kernel module symbol versions... yes
checking for has ioport support... no
checking for PCI support in kernel... yes
checking for I2C driver in kernel... yes
checking for I2C_POWERMAC in kernel... unknown
checking for firmware loader... yes
checking for input subsystem in kernel... yes
checking for pc-speaker platform in kernel... yes
checking for SMP... yes
checking for Video device support in kernel... yes
checking for ISA PnP driver in kernel... yes
checking for PnP driver in kernel... yes
checking for Kernel ISA-PnP support... no
checking for Kernel ISA-PnP module support... no
checking for strlcpy... yes
checking for snprintf... yes
checking for vsnprintf... yes
checking for scnprintf... yes
checking for sscanf... yes
checking for vmalloc_to_page... yes
checking for vzalloc... yes
checking for div_u64... yes
checking for dev_name... yes
checking for dev_set_name... yes
checking for put_pid... yes
checking for pid_vnr... yes
checking for old kmod... no
checking for PDE... no
checking for pci_set_consistent_dma_mask... yes
checking for pci_dev_present... yes
checking for msleep... yes
checking for msleep_interrupt... yes
checking for msecs_to_jiffies... yes
checking for tty->count is the atomic type... yes
checking for video_drvdata... yes
checking for V4L1 layer... no
checking for V4L2 layer... yes
checking for kernel media/v4l2-ctrls.h... yes
checking for io_remap_pfn_range... yes
checking for kcalloc... yes
checking for kstrdup... yes
checking for kstrndup... yes
checking for kzalloc... yes
checking for create_workqueue with flags... no
checking for pci_ioremap_bar... yes
checking for register_sound_special_device... yes
checking for driver extra-version... 
checking for driver version... 1.0.2x-130606-v5.18rc8
checking for dynamic minor numbers... no
checking for sequencer support... yes
checking for OSS/Free emulation... checking for OSS CORE... yes
yes
checking for OSS PCM plugin system inclusion... yes
checking for RTC support... no
checking for HPET support... yes
checking for Procfs support... yes
checking for USB support... yes
checking for kernel linux/usb/audio-v2.h... yes
checking for kernel linux/usb/audio.h... yes
checking for valid v1 in linux/usb/audio.h... yes
checking for invalid v2 in linux/usb/audio.h... no
checking for valid linux/usb/audio-v2.h... no
Creating <linux/usb/audio-v2.h>...
checking for kernel linux/usb/ch9.h... yes
checking usb_alloc_coherent... yes
checking for class_simple... no
checking for old driver suspend/resume callbacks... no
checking for removal of page-reservation for nopage/mmap... no
checking for vm_iomap_memory... yes
checking for nested class_device... no
checking for new IRQ handler... yes
checking for gfp_t... yes
checking for GFP_DMA32... yes
checking for page_to_pfn... yes
checking for PnP suspend/resume... yes
checking for device_create_drvdata... no
checking for pm_qos_request... yes
checking for static pm_qos_request... no
checking for new pm_qos_request... no
checking for new unlocked/compat_ioctl... yes
checking for builtin _Bool support... yes
checking for x86-compatible PC... no
checking for High-Res timers... yes
checking for kernel PCMCIA
checking for PCMCIA support... yes
checking for PC9800 support in kernel... no
checking for parallel port support... yes
checking for power management... yes
checking for CONFIG_HAS_DMA... yes
checking for FireWire support... yes
checking for set_pages_array_wc... yes
checking for cards to compile driver for... all
checking for additonal options to compile driver for... all
configure: creating ./config.status
config.status: creating version
config.status: creating Makefile.conf
config.status: WARNING:  'Makefile.conf.in' seems to ignore the --datarootdir setting
config.status: creating snddevices
config.status: creating utils/alsa-driver.spec
config.status: creating utils/buildrpm
config.status: creating toplevel.config
config.status: creating utils/alsasound
config.status: creating utils/alsasound.posix
config.status: creating include/pci_ids_compat.h
config.status: creating include/i2c-id_compat.h
config.status: creating include/config.h
config.status: include/config.h is unchanged
config.status: creating include/config1.h
config.status: include/config1.h is unchanged
config.status: creating include/version.h
config.status: include/version.h is unchanged
config.status: creating include/autoconf-extra.h
config.status: include/autoconf-extra.h is unchanged
config.status: creating include/alsa-kconfig.h
config.status: include/alsa-kconfig.h is unchanged
Hacking autoconf.h...



================================================================================

關於

Ys Pan 寫到:
ys-pan@P5K-SE:~/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa$ sudo make



這裡是題外話,也不需要「sudo」,只要「make」就好了。

================================================================================

Ys Pan 寫到:
make dep
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include'
make -C sound prepare
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include/sound'
make prepare2
make[4]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include/sound'
make[4]: Nothing to be done for 'prepare2'.
make[4]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include/sound'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include/sound'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/ioctl32'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/ioctl32'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/oss'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/oss'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/seq'
make[4]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/seq/oss'
make[4]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/seq/oss'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/seq'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c/l3'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c/l3'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c/other'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c/other'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/i2c'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/mpu401'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/mpu401'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/opl3'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/opl3'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/opl4'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/opl4'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/pcsp'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/pcsp'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/vx'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers/vx'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/drivers'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/ad1816a'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/ad1816a'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/ad1848'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/ad1848'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/cs423x'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/cs423x'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/es1688'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/es1688'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/galaxy'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/galaxy'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/gus'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/gus'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/msnd'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/msnd'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/opti9xx'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/opti9xx'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/sb'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/sb'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/wavefront'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/wavefront'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/wss'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa/wss'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/isa'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/synth'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/synth/emux'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/synth/emux'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/synth'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ac97'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ac97'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ali5451'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ali5451'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/asihpi'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/asihpi'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/au88x0'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/au88x0'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/aw2'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/aw2'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ca0106'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ca0106'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/cs46xx'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/cs46xx'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/cs5535audio'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/cs5535audio'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ctxfi'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ctxfi'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/echoaudio'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/echoaudio'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/emu10k1'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/emu10k1'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/hda'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/hda'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ice1712'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ice1712'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/korg1212'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/korg1212'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/lola'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/lola'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/lx6464es'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/lx6464es'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/mixart'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/mixart'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/nm256'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/nm256'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/oxygen'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/oxygen'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/pcxhr'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/pcxhr'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/pdplus'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/pdplus'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/riptide'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/riptide'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/rme9652'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/rme9652'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/trident'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/trident'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/vx222'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/vx222'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ymfpci'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci/ymfpci'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pci'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/codecs'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/codecs'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/core'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/core'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/fabrics'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/fabrics'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/soundbus'
make[4]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/soundbus/i2sbus'
make[4]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/soundbus/i2sbus'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa/soundbus'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/aoa'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/atmel'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/atmel'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/au1x'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/au1x'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/blackfin'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/blackfin'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/cirrus'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/cirrus'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/codecs'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/codecs'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/davinci'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/davinci'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/dwc'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/dwc'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/fsl'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/fsl'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/generic'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/generic'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/jz4740'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/jz4740'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/kirkwood'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/kirkwood'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/mid-x86'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/mid-x86'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/mxs'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/mxs'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/nuc900'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/nuc900'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/omap'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/omap'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/pxa'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/pxa'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/s6000'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/s6000'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/samsung'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/samsung'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/sh'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/sh'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/tegra'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/tegra'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/txx9'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/txx9'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/ux500'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc/ux500'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/soc'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/6fire'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/6fire'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/caiaq'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/caiaq'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/misc'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/misc'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/usx2y'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb/usx2y'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/usb'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia/pdaudiocf'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia/pdaudiocf'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia/vx'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia/vx'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/pcmcia'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/misc'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/misc'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/firewire'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/firewire'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa'
make -C /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/build SUBDIRS=/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa  CPP="gcc -E" CC="gcc" modules
make[1]: Entering directory '/usr/src/linux-headers-4.4.0-98-generic'
  CC [M]  /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/wrappers.o
  CC [M]  /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/misc_driver.o
  CC [M]  /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/info.o
/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/info.c: In function ‘snd_info_version_read’:
/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/info.c:1065:22: error: macro "__DATE__" might prevent reproducible builds [-Werror=date-time]
       "Compiled on " __DATE__ " for kernel %s"
                      ^
cc1: some warnings being treated as errors
scripts/Makefile.build:258: recipe for target '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/info.o' failed
make[3]: *** [/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore/info.o] Error 1
scripts/Makefile.build:403: recipe for target '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore' failed
make[2]: *** [/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore] Error 2
Makefile:1423: recipe for target '_module_/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa' failed
make[1]: *** [_module_/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory '/usr/src/linux-headers-4.4.0-98-generic'
Makefile:167: recipe for target 'compile' failed
make: *** [compile] Error 2



================================================================================

上面紅色那一行,已經顯示編譯過程發生錯誤了,所以建議不應該貿然的執行下面的「sudo make install」。

Ys Pan 寫到:
ys-pan@P5K-SE:~/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa$ sudo make install



假設您使用一般使用者來操作的話,「make install則需要sudo」,因為安裝過程有可能會安裝「檔案」到「root權限」或「非您權限可及」的資料夾。

================================================================================

Ys Pan 寫到:
if [ -L /usr/include/sound ]; then \
        rm -f /usr/include/sound; \
        ln -sf /home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include/sound /usr/include/sound; \
else \
        rm -rf /usr/include/sound; \
        install -d -m 755 -g root -o root /usr/include/sound; \
        for f in include/sound/*.h; do \
                install -m 644 -g root -o root $f /usr/include/sound; \
        done \
fi

find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'snd*.*o' | xargs rm -f
find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'snd*.*o.gz' | xargs rm -f
find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'ac97_bus.*o' | xargs rm -f
find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'ac97_bus.*o.gz' | xargs rm -f





發生問題,推測原因是出在上面紅色那四行,把一些檔案刪掉了。
然後您上面的「make」,編譯並沒有成功,所以在複製一些檔案的時候,沒有檔案可以複製,也就是下面藍色字。

Ys Pan 寫到:
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include'
make[1]: Nothing to be done for 'modules_install'.
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/include'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore'
mkdir -p /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound/acore

cp snd-hrtimer.ko snd-hwdep.ko snd-page-alloc.ko snd-pcm.ko snd-rawmidi.ko snd-timer.ko snd.ko /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound/acore

cp: 無法 stat 'snd-hrtimer.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-hwdep.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-page-alloc.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-pcm.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-rawmidi.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd-timer.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat 'snd.ko': 沒有此一檔案或目錄

/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/Rules.make:48: recipe for target 'modules_install' failed
make[1]: *** [modules_install] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/ys-pan/下載/Rt-Linux-HDaudio-5.18/alsa-driver-RTv5.18/alsa/acore'
Makefile:206: recipe for target 'install-modules' failed
make: *** [install-modules] Error 1


================================================================================

以下是題外話,是關於上面有兩個步驟,有些步驟不需要透過「sudo」的補充說明

## 常見編譯的參考步驟

$ ./configure
$ make
$ sudo make install

http://linux.vbird.org/linux_basic/0520source_code_and_tarball.php#tarball_step

================================================================================

## 恢復參考步驟

接著回到主要的議題,如何恢復。


還記得上面的



find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'snd*.*o' | xargs rm -f
find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'snd*.*o.gz' | xargs rm -f
find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'ac97_bus.*o' | xargs rm -f
find /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound -name 'ac97_bus.*o.gz' | xargs rm -f




上面的指令,就是把「/lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound」找到的一些檔案給刪除的,「-name」後面那些規則。

* http://linux.vbird.org/linux_basic/0220filemanager.php#find (man find)
* http://linux.vbird.org/linux_basic/0220filemanager.php#rm (man rm)
* http://linux.vbird.org/linux_basic/0320bash.php#xargs (man xargs)

關於「4.4.0-98-generic」,您可以執行「uname -r」,就可以看到。

所以「/lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound」就可以改成「/lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/sound」。

您可以執行「echo /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/sound」,在您的系統,就可以看到「/lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound」。

然後要查詢「/lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound」這個資料夾,是來自於那些套件,
在您的系統,您可以執行「dpkg -S /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound」,就可以找到。

而以我的系統為例,因為我的不是「4.4.0-98-generic」,所以是改執行下面指令


$ dpkg -S /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/sound



顯示


linux-image-extra-4.13.0-16-generic, linux-image-4.13.0-16-generic: /lib/modules/4.13.0-16-generic/kernel/sound



表示「/lib/modules/4.13.0-16-generic/kernel/sound」裡面的檔案,
是來自於「linux-image-extra-4.13.0-16-generic」和「linux-image-4.13.0-16-generic」這兩個套件。

所以若是在我的系統,我只要把這兩個套件,重新安裝就行了。


$ sudo apt-get install linux-image-4.13.0-16-generic linux-image-extra-4.13.0-16-generic --reinstall



上面有加「--reinstall」這個參數。

注意:上面「apt-get install」那行指令是以我的系統為範例,
在您的系統,您要先找到「/lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound」是來自於那個套件。


## 額外參考

執行


$ dpkg -S /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/sound | cut -d ':' -f 1 | sed -e 's/, / /g'



顯示


linux-image-4.13.0-16-generic linux-image-extra-4.13.0-16-generic



所以在我的系統,指令就可以改成如下,執行安裝上面兩個套件


$ sudo apt-get install --reinstall $(dpkg -S /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/sound | cut -d ':' -f 1 | sed -e 's/, / /g')



================================================================================

上面提到的一些技巧,可以先參考「回覆: Debian / Ubuntu Linux 核心編譯個人筆記」這篇。

其他的套件操作的討論案例,我紀錄在「[索引] 套件操作實務」。

================================================================================

以上提供參考

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11/10 21:33:42
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簡單寫了一個專案,放在「GitHub」上,

用輔助您理解,上一篇提到的「三個步驟」。

samwhlep 寫到:

以下是題外話,是關於上面有兩個步驟,有些步驟不需要透過「sudo」的補充說明

## 常見編譯的參考步驟

$ ./configure
$ make
$ sudo make install

http://linux.vbird.org/linux_basic/0520source_code_and_tarball.php#tarball_step



================================================================================

## 官方文件

* https://www.gnu.org/software/make/manual/

================================================================================

## 安裝文件

執行下面指令,安裝「make-doc」這個套件


$ sudo apt-get install make-doc



執行下面指令,觀看「make-doc」這個套件,有那些套件安裝在系統上


$ dpkg -L make-doc



執行下面指令,觀看文件


$ info make



或是執行下面指令,觀看網頁版


$ firefox /usr/share/doc/make-doc/make.html/index.html



================================================================================

這個範例,只是用來輔助您入門。

一些「Make」進階的用法,就需要您自行再找相關的文件和參考文章來閱讀了。
因為我目前也只有大方向的概念 :p

可以使用「Makefile」或是「GNU Make」或是「Linux Make」之類的關鍵字來查找,網路上應該有很豐富的參考資料。
之前有找到一篇「用Open Source工具開發軟體: 新軟體開發關念 / Chapter 5. Makefile撰寫
忘了網址,我通常都查詢「open source 餃子」,就找得到了。

實際案例的「Makefile」通常看起來比較複雜,可以參考下面幾篇當作起點

* Wikipedia / GNU Build System
* https://developer.gnome.org/gnome-devel-demos/stable/hello-world.py.html.en
* https://developer.gnome.org/gnome-devel-demos/stable/hello-world.js.html.en
* https://developer.gnome.org/gnome-devel-demos/stable/hello-world.vala.html.en


或是也可以執行下面指令,下載「hello」的「Source Package: hello」下來實驗。(GNU Hello)


$ apt-get source hello



上面指令的前置作業,請參考「#24 回覆: Ubuntu 17.10 推出」。


手刻的實際案例,則是可以參考「gcin」或是「hime (configure) (Makefile) 」。

================================================================================

跟編譯相關的,則是可以從下面幾篇當作起點


* https://developer.gnome.org/gnome-devel-demos/stable/c.html.en
* https://developer.gnome.org/glib/stable/glib-compiling.html
* https://developer.gnome.org/gtk3/stable/gtk-compiling.html

這些連結,我之前有紀錄在「這裡」。

================================================================================

題外話,現在「gnome-shell」,則是採用「The Meson Build System」。

可以參考「Wikipedia / Meson (software)」和「Wikipedia / GNOME」。

還有「GNOME Goal: Port modules to use Meson build system」。

https://wiki.gnome.org/Projects/Vala/Tools/Meson
https://wiki.gnome.org/Projects/Vala/DeveloperDocumentation/Meson

================================================================================


以上提供參考

報告完畢


11/11 1:17:13
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照你說的指令去查詢了一下套件

ys-pan@P5K-SE:~$ uname -r
4.4.0-98-generic

ys-pan@P5K-SE:~$ dpkg -S /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/sound
linux-image-4.4.0-98-generic, linux-image-extra-4.4.0-98-generic: /lib/modules/4.4.0-98-generic/kernel/sound

ys-pan@P5K-SE:~$ sudo apt install --reinstall linux-image-4.4.0-98-generic linux-image-extra-4.4.0-98-generic
[sudo] password for ys-pan:
正在讀取套件清單... 完成
正在重建相依關係
正在讀取狀態資料... 完成
升級 0 個,新安裝 0 個,重新安裝 2 個,移除 0 個,有 3 個未被升級。
需要下載 0 B/58.0 MB 的套件檔。
此操作完成之後,會多佔用 0 B 的磁碟空間。
(讀取資料庫 ... 目前共安裝了 281145 個檔案和目錄。)
準備解開 .../linux-image-4.4.0-98-generic_4.4.0-98.121_amd64.deb ...
Examining /etc/kernel/preinst.d/
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/preinst.d/intel-microcode 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
Done.
Unpacking linux-image-4.4.0-98-generic (4.4.0-98.121) over (4.4.0-98.121) ...
Examining /etc/kernel/postrm.d .
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/initramfs-tools 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/zz-update-grub 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
準備解開 .../linux-image-extra-4.4.0-98-generic_4.4.0-98.121_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking linux-image-extra-4.4.0-98-generic (4.4.0-98.121) over (4.4.0-98.121) ...
設定 linux-image-4.4.0-98-generic (4.4.0-98.121) ...
Running depmod.
update-initramfs: deferring update (hook will be called later)
Not updating initrd symbolic links since we are being updated/reinstalled
(4.4.0-98.121 was configured last, according to dpkg)
Not updating image symbolic links since we are being updated/reinstalled
(4.4.0-98.121 was configured last, according to dpkg)
Examining /etc/kernel/postinst.d.
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/apt-auto-removal 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/dkms 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/pm-utils 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/unattended-upgrades 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/update-notifier 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/zz-update-grub 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
正在產生 grub 設定檔 ...
找到 linux 映像檔:/boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
找到 initrd 映像檔:/boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-98-generic
找到 Windows 10 (loader) [於 /dev/sdb1]
找到 Windows 10 (loader) [於 /dev/sdb2]
找到 linux 映像檔:/boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
找到 initrd 映像檔:/boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-98-generic
找到 Windows 10 (loader) [於 /dev/sdb1]
找到 Windows 10 (loader) [於 /dev/sdb2]
完成
設定 linux-image-extra-4.4.0-98-generic (4.4.0-98.121) ...
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/apt-auto-removal 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/dkms 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/pm-utils 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/unattended-upgrades 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/update-notifier 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/zz-update-grub 4.4.0-98-generic /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
正在產生 grub 設定檔 ...
找到 linux 映像檔:/boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
找到 initrd 映像檔:/boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-98-generic
找到 Windows 10 (loader) [於 /dev/sdb1]
找到 Windows 10 (loader) [於 /dev/sdb2]
找到 linux 映像檔:/boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-98-generic
找到 initrd 映像檔:/boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-98-generic
找到 Windows 10 (loader) [於 /dev/sdb1]
找到 Windows 10 (loader) [於 /dev/sdb2]
完成


重開機,終於音效又回來了
我Linux方面還沒有很入門,感謝有比我入門的高手指教
也題到了好多我還不聊解的地方呢...

附件:



jpg  p0003.jpg (40.90 KB)
48590_5a071e4070712.jpg 826X593 px

11/11 23:59:11
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